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透視城市與人

透視城市與人

亞健康:都市無形殺手正在威脅我們的生活 . . .

甚麼是“亞健康”

日常生活中,難免會碰到自覺乏力,稍動即累、出虛汗、食慾不振、失眠等表現。可是就是查不出病來。我們把這種“自感不適,檢查無病”,介於健康與疾病之間的一種狀態稱之為“亞健康”。
據世界衛生組織一項全球調查結果,75% 的人處於亞健康狀態。主要表現為“三高”、“三易”。“三高”即高血脂、高血糖、高血黏度;“三易”即易疲勞、易感冒及易不適。

亞健康的表現

  • 生命活力降低: 早晨不能按時起床。不想參加社交活動。懶得講話,自覺有氣無力。說話不時出錯,思路中斷。食慾差、沒有滋味。耳鳴、目眩。
  • 反應能力降低: 極易受外界因素影響,常常會出現血脂、血壓、血糖、尿酸和血黏度等異常波動。
  • 適應能力降低: 怕熱;怕冷;吃不下;餓不得;睡不好。
  • 免疫功能下降: 渾身乏力、皮膚發炎、 容易感冒,且感冒持續時間長等。

亞健康成因

  • 心理失衡    古人雲:萬事勞其行,百憂撼其心。高度激烈的競爭,錯綜複雜的各種關係,使思慮過度,心神不寧。不僅會引起睡眠不良,甚至會影響神經體液調節和內分泌調節,進而影響身體各系統的正常生理功能。
  • 營養不全   現代人飲食往往熱量過高,營養素不全,加上食品中人工添加劑過多,人工飼養動物成熟期短,營養成分偏缺,很多重要的營養素缺乏和過度肥胖,機體的代謝功能紊亂。
  • 噪聲、鬱悶、科技發展、工業進步、車輛增多、很多居住在城市的人群生存空間狹小,倍受干擾,對心血管系統和神經系統產生很多不良影響,使人煩躁,心情鬱悶。
  • 高樓、空調   高層建築林立,房間封閉,一年四季使用空調,長期處於這種環境當中,空氣中的負氧離子濃度較低,使血液中氧濃度降低,組織細胞對氧的利用降低,影響組織細胞正常的生理功能。
  • 逆時而作   人體在進化過程中形成了固有的生命運動規律——即“生物鐘”。它維持著生命運動過程氣血運行和新陳代謝的規律。逆時而作,就會破壞這種規律,影響人體正常的新陳代謝。
  • 鍛煉無章   生命在於運動,在於靜養。鍛煉強身有很多的學問,因為每個人在不同時期,身體的狀況都處在動態變化之中,如鍛煉不當,必然會損壞人體的健康。
  • 亂用藥品   是藥三分毒。用藥不當不僅產生一定的副作用,而且還會破壞免疫系統。如稍有感冒,就大量服用抗生素,不僅破壞腸道正常菌群,還易產生耐藥性。
  • 內勞外傷   外傷勞損、房事過度、生活無序最易引起各種疾病。人的精氣如油,神如火,火太旺則油易乾;神過度使用,則精氣易衰。只有一張一弛,動靜結合,勞逸結合,才能避免內勞外傷引發的各種病患。
  • 六淫七情   六淫:風、寒、暑、濕、燥、火是四季氣候變化中六種表現,簡稱六氣。七情:喜、怒、憂、思、悲、恐、驚。過喜傷心,暴怒傷肝,憂思傷脾,過悲傷肺,驚恐傷腎。

Lifestyle diseases: An invisible threat

With rising prosperity in many parts of Asia, people are adopting unhealthy lifestyles. Sedentary jobs, poor diet, smoking and alcohol are all blamed for the dramatic shift in health. Lifestyle diseases are a sure threat.
THE SERIES of attacks in our cities have certainly taught every Indian that it’s only they who can protect their lives and limbs against any attack. Though leaders are blamed for these terror attacks, India is threatened by a number of invisible enemies, including lifestyle diseases. Governments have apparently been making efforts to protect us from the monstrous diseases like polio, malaria and even Aids. Health of Indians is still under threat unless taken care of properly.
In the wake of globalisation, our goals have changed, and so has the lifestyle. With rising prosperity in many parts of Asia, people are adopting unhealthy lifestyles that their bodies cannot cope with. Sedentary jobs, poor diet, smoking and alcohol are all blamed for the dramatic shift in health care. This may be the reason why India is witnessing a growth in numbers of heart strokes, diabetes and other non communicable diseases. Even the number of caesarian delivery has gone up.
“Lifestyle diseases have already become the number one killer in India,” said D. Prabhakaran, a professor at the department of cardiology at the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi.
“The important factors for lifestyle diseases are increasing consumption of tobacco, dietary consumption of fats, particularly saturated fat, lack of physical activity and inadequacy of stress-coping mechanisms,” he said.
India leads the world in diabetes. A government study estimated the number of diabetics to be about 38 million in 2004, and it is projected to rise to 57 million in 2025.
By 2020, the number of deaths each year due to chronic diseases in the country of 1. 1 billion people may stand at 7.63 million.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 270 million people in Asia will die from chronic disease between 2005 and 2015, mostly poor people in developing countries such as China, India, Pakistan and Indonesia.
The deteriorating state of health is damaging the country in manifolds. The economic loss is also shocking. According to the report by WHO ’Preventing Communicable Diseases in the Workplace through Diet and Physical Activity.’ the economic loss in India, which was $8.7 billion, in 2005, is projected to rise to $54 billion, in 2015, due to a rise in lifestyle diseases like diabetes, stroke and cancer because of unhealthy workplaces.
The sagging health condition can be salvaged only through collective efforts of governments, organisations, corporate sectors and on the top of all by the efforts of every individual to combat the invisible threat of diseases.

About ONDO CLUB

established in hongkong as health-themed club for who wish to enbrace the modern lifestyle of herbal health.

【健康貼士】